Innovative Tool Offers Expert Guidance to Help Prevent Infections in Children

A new comprehensive resource provides practical, expert guidance for the urgent fight against healthcare-associated infections in children across a wide range of medical settings. Available to pre-order now, the Handbook of Pediatric Infection Prevention and Control fills an important gap in the healthcare field by addressing the nuances and challenges specific to preventing infections in children, from the clinic to the intensive care unit and beyond.

“Children are not just tiny adults, and this impacts many aspects of their medical care, including infection prevention,” said handbook co-editor Kristina A. Bryant, MD, professor of pediatrics in the Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases at the University of Louisville and the healthcare epidemiologist at Norton Children’s Hospital. “This book offers practical guidance and solutions for the unique infection prevention challenges that providers encounter in pediatric settings on a daily basis.”

Developed by the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society, the world’s largest organization focused on the treatment, control, and eradication of infectious diseases that affect children, the handbook addresses various infections and related issues across the spectrum of healthcare settings, from acute care hospitals and ambulatory practices to long-term care facilities. Covered topics include respiratory pathogens, surgical site infections, multidrug-resistant organisms, C. difficile, norovirus, device-associated infections, and antimicrobial stewardship, among many others.

Written by noted experts in the field, each chapter opens with a real-world clinical scenario, followed by frequently raised questions. Links to evidence-based guidelines are provided where available, in addition to expert guidance in areas where guidelines do not currently exist. Sample policies for institutions, algorithms, and educational tools are also included in the Handbook of Pediatric Infection Prevention and Control, which is published by Oxford University Press. The book’s co-editors also wish to offer their sincere thanks to the Pediatric Leadership Council steering committee of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA) for its many contributions. SHEA has helped define best practices in healthcare epidemiology and infection prevention worldwide since its founding in 1980.

“We hope this book fills an important need,” said handbook co-editor Judith A. Guzman-Cottrill, DO, professor of pediatrics in the Division of Infectious Diseases at Oregon Health & Science University. “We sought to create an essential resource for infection preventionists, healthcare epidemiologists, infectious disease fellows, and anyone who provides support for infection prevention programs in pediatric facilities.”


The Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society (PIDS) is the world’s largest professional organization of experts in the care and prevention of infectious diseases in children. PIDS membership includes leaders in clinical care, public health, academia, government, and industry who advocate for the improved health of children nationally and globally. The Society fulfills its mission through research, advocacy, guideline development, fellowship training, continuing medical education, its support of immunization practices in children, and the Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society, its peer-reviewed publication, which recently received its first Impact Factor. To learn more about PIDS, visit and follow PIDS on Facebook and Twitter.


Our 8-person committee oversees and coordinates communications within PIDS, between PIDS and other organizations with shared missions, and between PIDS and the public. We also evaluate marketing materials, as well as other potential communication vehicles, in meeting the needs of the membership and develop recommendations for future means of communication. Some of our specific efforts include collating job postings and collaboration on the bimonthly publication PIDSNews. Our 11-person Social Media Working Group, led by Kevin O’Callaghan, works to utilize social media to highlight PIDS activities and publications in JPIDS.

We also want to highlight one of our new initiatives – engaging Society membership with PIDS Connect. If you’re not yet familiar with PIDS Connect, this discussion board is exclusively for PIDS members and is a great place to share information with colleagues or get input on complex clinical questions. Our committee members will be regularly posting thought-provoking questions and information on hot topics in our field. We invite you all to connect with us. 


March 22. 2019

The Kentucky governor’s decision this week to voice support for the irresponsible practice of deliberately exposing children to chickenpox as an alternative to vaccination is gravely concerning. The stance that Gov. Bevin defended, of a student filing suit against the Kentucky health department’s vaccination requirements, highlights urgent needs for public education on the value of medical immunizations, and for policies allowing exemptions only on the basis of medical contraindications. Events in recent weeks also demonstrate consequences of vaccine avoidance, as a mumps outbreak at Temple University in Pennsylvania continues to spread, prompting the offer of free immunizations there. And, as six U.S. health departments battle ongoing measles outbreaks that put our country on a course to exceed last year’s case count of a deadly and preventable disease, recognition that vaccines are among the most important public health tools we have remains essential.

The members of the PIDS Education Committee are pleased to provide this update to the PIDS membership about our activities. There is depth of leadership and experience on the PIDS Education Committee, now 25 members strong. The 3 main aims of the Committee are to 1) engage with colleagues in partner societies to develop and promote educational programs and services for our membership; 2) develop educational materials that advance clinical care; and 3) consider strategies to bring ID education to the broader community.

Negotiating a start-up package can be an intimidating part of finding a new job. Drs. Betsy Herold and Natasha Halasa helped demystify the process during a panel at the 18th Annual St. Jude/PIDS Pediatric Infectious Disease Research Conference (Watch the video on Facebook @PIDSociety). They advised framing your start-up package request as the plan for the next 3-5 years of your career, including your goals and what you need to meet those goals.

The Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society (PIDS), whose membership constitutes individuals dedicated to the treatment, control, and eradication of infectious diseases in children, opposes legislation or regulations that would allow children to be exempted from school and childcare immunization requirements based on their parents’ personal or religious beliefs (non-medical exemptions). Exemptions from school and childcare requirements can lead to outbreaks of disease.

One of the most exciting aspects of our Society is our mutual commitment to discovery, education, patient care, and advocacy. This month, we highlight two ways in which advocacy and discovery intersect: the Stanley and Susan Plotkin/Sanofi Pasteur Fellowship Award and the Pichichero Family Foundation Research Development/Vaccines for Children Award.

The 10th Annual International Antimicrobial Stewardship Conference, jointly sponsored by Washington University in St. Louis Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society and Society of Infectious Diseases Pharmacists will occur on Thursday, May 30 and Friday, May 31, 2019 in St. Louis, MO.

The PIDS Training Program Committee (TPC) consists of 20 volunteer members whose main goals are to enhance training of Pediatric Infectious Diseases fellows and serve as a resource for fellowship program directors. Our committee achieves these goals in several ways, and we have continued to evolve in order to address trainees’ and Program Directors’ (PDs) needs as they arise.

The Publications Committee is responsible for:

Considering the high rate of unnecessary antibiotic use, several pediatric health organizations have banded together to create new tools for health care providers in order to reduce these prescriptions and fight antibiotic resistance.

A quickly growing measles outbreak that began in southwest Washington, near Portland, Oregon, has caused local officials and the state’s governor to declare a public health emergency. The latest outbreak comes as 2018 saw the second highest number of reported measles cases (349) in the U.S. since 2000, according to a recent update from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 

The members of the International Affairs Committee (IAC) are delighted to provide an update to the PIDS Membership regarding our activities in 2018. The mission of the IAC is to develop and foster pediatric infectious disease global health activities. PIDS is very fortunate to have numerous domestic and international members and interest and the IAC welcomes the ideas and interest of the PIDS membership. The IAC is also looking forward to welcoming and engaging our new members in activities. is the official site of the IDWeek conference. For your own protection, please use this official site for information, registration, and hotels.


The PIDS IDWeek Program Chairs are pleased  to announce exciting  PIDS-sponsored programming at 2019 IDWeek in Washington DC:


Special Opening Day Session

  • Measles Outbreak – Updates from the US and International Outbreaks and Practical Hospital Management Issues  (Wednesday, October 2 from 1:30PM to 3:15PM)

Interactive Symposia:

  • Challenging Cases in Pediatric Infectious Diseases (Wednesday, October 2 from 1:30PM to 3:15PM)
  • Mano-a Mano:  Impact of Pre-Transplant Respiratory Viral Infection on Post-Transplant Outcomes,   Reverse Syphilis Screening Algorithms,  Kawasaki Treatment Controversies (Friday, October 4 from 10:30AM to 11:45AM)
  • The Year’s Innovations in Pediatric Infectious Diseases (Saturday, October 5 from 3:15PM to 4:30PM)


  • Diagnosis and Management of Congenital CMV  on Both Sides of the Pond (Joint PIDS/ESPID) (Saturday, October 5 from 1:30PM to 3:15PM)
  • Hot Topics in Pediatric Infectious Diseases  (Top Publications of the Year) (Friday, October 4 from 1:45-3:00)
  • Acute Flaccid Myelitis:  State of the Art Clinical and Research
  • A Precision Approach to the Management of Early Onset Neonatal Sepsis (Sunday, October 6 from 8:00AM to 9:00AM)
  • Impact of Early Life Microbiome Disruptions in the Child  (Saturday, October 5 from 1:45PM to 3:00PM)
  • Help or Hype:  Update on Biomarkers in the Management of Infectious Diseases (Thursday, October 3 from 10:30AM to 11:45AM)
  • The Cutting Edge in Pediatric Osteomyelitis  (Friday, October 4 from 3:15PM to 4:30PM)

Named Lectureships/Awards

  • Caroline B. Hall Lectureship (Thursday, October 3 from 3:15PM to 4:30PM)
  • Stanley Plotkin Lectureship in Vaccinology (Friday, October 4 from 4:45PM to 6:00PM)

Meet the Professor

  • Fighting the TB Epidemic in Children and Adolescents – Game Changing Advances in Pediatric TB (Saturday, October 5 from 8:00AM to 9:00AM)
  • Critical and flexible partnerships between the Clinical Microbiology Laboratory and Infection Prevention and Control: Real-time, Sequence-based Investigation of Hospital Outbreaks (Thursday, October 3 from 8:00AM to 9:00AM)

Original Research

  • 3 Oral Abstract Sessions:  Emerging Viral Infections, Viral Infections, Bacterial Infections (Thrusday - Saturday, October 3-5 from 1:45PM to 3:00PM)
  • Poster Sessions (Thrusday - Saturday, October 3-5 from 12:15PM to 12:45PM)


To register for IDWeek or to view the Interactive Program, visit the official website at



The use of antibiotics drives the development of antibiotic resistance, a major threat to public health worldwide. But these drugs also carry the risk of harm to individual patients, including children. According to a new analysis published in the Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society, antibiotics led to nearly 70,000 estimated emergency room visits in the U.S. each year from 2011-2015 for allergic reactions and other side effects in children. The study helps quantify the risk posed by specific antibiotics in children across different age ranges.

“For parents and other caregivers of children, these findings are a reminder that while antibiotics save lives when used appropriately, antibiotics also can harm children and should only be used when needed,” said lead author Maribeth C. Lovegrove, MPH, Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. “For health care providers, these findings are a reminder that adverse effects from antibiotics are common and can be clinically significant and consequential for pediatric patients.”

Discussions regarding “cost” and “value” seem to dominate every conversation about healthcare these days. In a recent editorial in the Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society, PIDS immediate past-president Dr. Gilsdorf and colleagues commented that pediatric infectious disease physicians’ “compensation, which is determined by leaders of pediatric departments and hospitals, does not take into account our overall value to the hospital in clinical and nonclinical work as well as in potential cost-saving activities.” This is an appropriate lead-in to an article published in the June 2018 issue of JPIDS by researchers from Doernbecher Children’s Hospital in Portland, Oregon entitled “Utilizing a Modified Care Coordination Measurement Tool to Capture Value for a Pediatric Outpatient Parenteral and Prolonged Oral Antibiotic Therapy Program.” This article sought to determine the amount of time spent by pediatric infectious disease providers on non-reimbursable care coordination activities in the context of a pediatric outpatient antimicrobial therapy program (OPAT).